Analysis of Variance: Coaching Efficacy and Coach-Athlete Relationship in Iranian Sports Leagues
 Jasem Manouchehri, Behzad Soheily, Farshad Tojari Islamic Azad University, Tehran Central Branch, Iran *E-mail:, Mobile: +989126628481
 Abstract According to many conducted researches, coaches' personality and leadership and behavioral style connect to athletes' performance, motivation and satisfaction. Creating effective and successful relationships between coach and athlete is not easy and also is a thoughtful act and requires coaches' interpersonal and practical skills. Self-efficacy feeling in coaching defines coaches' development, trust, and sureness and capability of influencing each athlete for training and performing. Selfefficacy in coaching has four factors including game strategies use, motivating athletes, coaching technique, and character building. So, the present study has made efforts to explore some variables in athletes and coaches varied groups and to discuss the differences in coach-athlete relationships and also coaches' efficacy by their own personal differences. 92 coaches and 256 athletes, who were cooperated with each other for at least 6 months, were ed as the study sample. Analysis of variance and t test were used to survey the study variables on demographic characteristics. The results showed that demographic characteristics including educational levels and coaches' experience as an athlete are considered significant in exploring closeness and complementary subscales, and sports, coaching background in schools levels, and coaching grades are considered significant in exploring coaching efficacy. By studying athletes, sports explored athlete-coach relationships